An unusual kidney disorder that often occurs in childhood. In Fanconi’s syndrome, various important chemicals, such as amino acids, calcium, potassium and phosphate, are lost in the urine. The results of these losses include failure to thrive, bone disorders, such as rickets and stunting of growth.
Potential causes include numerous rare inherited abnormalities of body chemistry and an adverse reaction to particular drugs, for example, tetracycline that has passed its ‘use-by’ date.
If an underlying chemical abnormality is found and can be corrected, the affected child can resume normal growth. Otherwise, a kidney transplant could be possible.