De Quervain’s thyroiditis
A form of thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland) that is rare and caused by viral infection; the condition often follows after a viral infection of the throat and nose.
The thyroid gland, which is located in the front of the neck, can become swollen and painful; this swelling is occasionally accompanied by fever. There is a non permanent rise in thyroid hormone levels (hyperthyroidism) lasting for a few weeks, as damage to the thyroid gland causes it to release its hormone stores. The is then followed by inadequate levels (hyperthyroidism) when the stores become depleted.
Aspirin is used to treat inflammatory, with a quick course of the corticosteroid drug prednisolone, administered in more extreme cases. During the first phase of hyperthyroidism, beta-blocked drugs can be given to control symptoms. Thyroid function often returns to normal after the illness has been treated.