Inflammation of the urethra. Urethritis can be caused by a range of infectious organisms, including chlamydia and the bacterium that causes gonorrhoea. Non gonococcal urethritis can be caused by any of a large number of different types of microorganism. Urethritis can also be caused from damage from an accident or from a cystoscope or catheter. Other possible causes include irritant chemicals, such as certain spermicides.
Symptoms and treatment
Urethritis causes a burning feeling and extreme pain when passing urine. The urine may be blood stained and, especially if gonorrhoea is the cause, can contain a pus filled discharge.
The inflammation can lead to urethral stricture (narrowing) which can make it hard for the person to pass urine.
The cause of urethritis is identified by analysis of a urine sample or swabs taken from the urethra. Infections are treated with antibiotic drugs.